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LIQUIDITY RATIOS
CURRENT RATIO (WORKING CAPITAL RATIO)

Introduction

The current ratio is sometimes called the working capital ratio. It is calculated by dividing current assets by current liabilities.

Current Ratio              Current Assets
                        =          _________     

                                    Current Liabilities

Example

For example if my current assets are £4000 and my current liabilities are £2000 I would work out my current ratio as follows

Current Assets                        4000
_________                  =          _________      = 2

Current Liabilities                    2000

How to write Liquidity Ratios

As Liquidity ratios are expressed against 1 my current ratio for the example above is 2:1.

Why Does the Current Ratio Use Current Assets in the Calculation

Current assets are used in this ratio because they can be converted into cash fairly easily. Current assets are things that can be converted into cash within one year. Examples of current assets are  

  1. Stock (Inventory)
  2. Cash
  3. Debtors (money owed to the business)

Why Does the Current Ratio Use Current Assets in the Calculation

Current liabilities are used in this calculation because the current ratio is a liquidity ratio which analyse short term assets and liabilities. Current liabilities are debt that the needs to be paid within a year. Examples of current liabilities are

  1. Accounts payable
  2. Money owed to employees (wages payable)
  3. Taxes owed (taxes payable)

 

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