GROUP FORMATION THEORY FORMING STORMING NORMING PERFORMING
This group formation theory is the brainchild of Bruce Tuckman. Tuckman suggested that for a group to develop into a successful team, it will need to progress through four stages: Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing.
This stage is about the team forming:
Team meets for the first time.
The team tries to agree goals and objectives.
The leader must coach at this time.
Leader must try and establish team cohesion.
Team brainstorms their purpose and what tasks needs to be addressed.
Team members try to establish their roles within the group.
Team members may also develop personal friendship.
Leader still coaches at this stage.
Reaching this stage may take a while depending on team dynamics and formation.
Team members start to work fluently.
They start to support each other.
They agree on team value and rules and go with team consensus.
There is improved motivation and the team may go on social events.
If the team is effective and reach this stage they will get the job done.
The task is completed without the guidance of the manager.
The team can work independently and efficiently.
Any disagreements are resolved within the team.
Forming, norming, storming and performing by Bruce Tuckman is a popular group formation theory. It is particularly useful for managers taking over a new team or for managers keen to overcome poor performance. The first step for team managers is to identify the stage their team is at, so that they can formulate a plan to move the team onto next stage. As a team progresses through each stage the manager's involvement reduces. At the forming stage a team requires lots of direction and instructions from their manager, whilst a performing team will only need management support on the rare occasion.